MCRA Volume 4

The Modern Coral Reef Aquarium Vol. 4

Aquarium keeping of snails, mussels, sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, 
tunicates, and more!

The Modern Coral Reef Aquarium Vol. 4 covers several important invertebrate groups of great interest and importance to the modern reef aquarium keeper: Molluscs, Echinoderms, Tunicates and more!

Hardcover, 480 pages, 1030 color photos, 60+ line drawings and B/W photos, several tables. 

ISBN 3-928819-22-4.
Birgit Schmettkamp Verlag, Bornheim, Germany.


  1. The Future of Reef Aquariums
  2. Mollusca
  3. Echinodermata
  4. Tunicates and Lancelates

Molluscs, such as snails, slugs and bivalves, commonly found in the trade are discussed in detail. Like in previous volumes of this book series, also more obscure and rare members of the phylum are covered to the extent, which can be of value to the marine aquarist.

Echinoderms - or spiny skinned animals - are shown in spectacular photos, and the biology and aquarium care of the many interesting brittle stars, starfishes, sea cucumbers, and sea urchins are described in detail.


e book also discusses the interesting group of sea squirts, or tunicates. These organisms, which are very insufficiently covered in most aquarium books, are dealt with in detailed accuracy and illustrated with magnificent colour photos.  

The world number one expert, the late Dr. Patricia Kott of Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Australia has contributed greately to make this chapter one of the most comprehensive overviews of tropical tunicates!

As an introduction to the book, Dr. Bruce Carlson (former Director of the Waikiki Aquarium, Hawaii) has written a fascinating chapter on "The Future of Reef Aquariums".

Together with the other three MCRA volumes, this book completes your knowledge on the invertebrates of the "Modern Coral Reef Aquarium"!